The Cave - Looking at the Philosophy Behind One of Mumford and Sons' Best Songs

The Cave – Looking at the Philosophy Behind One of Mumford and Sons’ Best Songs

Some of you listen to songs and analyze their different parts, I let them wash over me in an uncritical bliss.  On the occasion that I enjoy a song enough to think about it, I’ll listen to the lyrics.  I’ll listen for the words, but I normally return to my pre-analytic, and slightly childish, joy of hearing without listening.

But with The Cave, it’s different.

Something about Mumford and Sons reaches into the depths of my psyche and messes around with things, so I wasn’t suprised when I was immediately struck by The Cave‘s philosophical, and possibly even theological, undertones.

Here is a link to the music video-

I had several thoughts about the metaphor in the song, but I curiously browsed some lyric forums to see other reactions.  Many people had different conclusions, some of them diametrically opposed to one another, featuring everything from God to zombies. Some people thought The Cave was mainly about holding onto unrequited love and others swore it spoke of overcoming drug addiction.

I initially laughed at some of these responses, even though I understand (to a degree) that the meaning of language is incomplete on its own, that meaning is a communal phenomenon which requires the presence of hearers as much as speakers.  I laughed anyway when I saw people’s immediate problems and ideas about the world dramatically shaping their interpretation of The Cave… then I realized that my ideas were probably products of the same thing.  I’m a seminary student who lives and works in one of the most affluent places in the world, constantly struggling with the integration of wealth and Christian mission.

So I hear two main metaphors and one primary idea.

Metaphor #1: Homer

So tie me to a post and block my ears
I can see widows and orphans through my tears
I know my call despite my faults
And despite my growing fears

(and later in the song)

So make your siren’s call
And sing all you want
I will not hear what you have to say

This allusion is to Homer’s Greek epic, Odyssey.  In the poem, Odysseus and his band of sailors eventually came to the land of the Sirens; monsters known for singing such enticing songs that ships would crash among the rocks when sailors tried to follow them.  All of the men on the boat filled their ears with wax as they passed the islands, but Odysseus, the stud that he was, ordered the others to tie him to the mast; he wanted to hear the Sirens’ song.

Mumford and Sons, and us by extension, sing of a song to be resisted- a song sung by a world calling people to crash on its rocks.  What this song is, precisely, makes much more sense with the second metaphor.

Metaphor #2: Francis

So come out of your cave walking on your hands
And see the world hanging upside down
You can understand dependence
When you know the maker’s land

I initially thought “coming out of your cave” was a reference to Plato.  The philosopher explains his idea of archetypes with an allegory in which prisoners were tied down from childhood in a cave, unable to move, and forced to stare at a wall.  On this wall were the shadows made by people coming in and out of the cave.  If these prisoners were released, Plato suggests, they would not understand the things they saw outside the cave; the shadows would continue to seem much more “real” to them.

I thought this might be Mumford and Sons calling us to see life for what it truly is.  That metaphor fits, but it doesn’t totally explain the “widows and orphans” or point to what this “reality” might be.

Then I came across a suggestion; their metaphor could reference the “cave” of Francis Assisi.

St. Francis was born in 12th century Assisi to a rich cloth merchant.  He joined the military and was at some point taken captive and eventually released, after which he faced a devastating illness that spurred a religious crisis.   Francis famously renounced his father, his wealth, and founded the Franciscan Order- a group of monks known for ministering to the poor, owning no personal property, and dedicating themselves to missional work.

And how does the life of Francis relate to Mumford and Sons? G.K. Chesterton.

G.K. Chesterton (an author the band is reportedly fond of) wrote that Francis spent some time in a prison, or dark cave, and eventually came out changed;

 The man who went into the cave was not the man who came out again; in that sense he was almost as different as if he were dead, as if he were a ghost or a blessed spirit. And the effects of this on his attitude towards the actual world were really as extravagant as any parallel can make them. He looked at the world as differently from other men as if he had come out of that dark hole walking on his hands.[1]

St. Francis, an ex-soldier (like the ones in the video?) and son of a rich man, decides to renounce the lens of materialism and walks upside down in an attempt to see people for whom they are.  In The Cave we are tied to the post, listening to the Siren’s song, tempted to reduce humanity to consumption, and feeling our own propensity to follow that song to our deaths.

Even though we hear the Sirens, we continue to see “widows and orphans through [our] tears,”  catch glimpses of the “maker’s land,” and ultimately “know [our] call despite [our] faults and despite [our] growing fears.”

That’s how I hear it and that’s what I choose to carry with me.

How about you- what do you think about when you listen to The Cave?